Features and habitat of synodontis
Synodontis - the collective name for many types of catfish, which have both similarities and distinctive features. One of the similarities is the homeland of almost all subspecies related to this name - the reservoirs of hot Africa.
General conditions of detention and synodontis compatibility with other inhabitants of the aquarium due to the characteristics of a particular subspecies. Initially, there was not such a grandiose number of species and their mestizos, however, at present, the number of points in the taxonomy catfish synodontis creates significant difficulties for determining the belonging of a particular individual to any species.
Despite this, most photo synodontis smooth out their differences, so the dim representatives of any item in the taxonomy of fish can be confused with another subspecies. As a rule, catfish have an elongated body, decorated with large fins and several pairs of moving whiskers on the face. The male is usually smaller and plainer synodontis females.
Care and maintenance of synodontis
The order of keeping synodontis does not require any complicated actions from the fish owner. Their natural habitat is in various reservoirs of Africa, that is, the distant wild ancestors of modern pets lived in running and standing water with different temperatures, hardness and amount of food.
However, in the natural environment, catfish could adapt to environmental changes. This remarkable trait has been inherited by modern synodontis. Water should not be excessively hard or soft, good “ventilation” and constant high-quality filtration are needed. These are all conditions for a comfortable and long life of a fish in a home aquarium. It is good to equip a temporary or constant strong current in the catfish room, as they like to swim along it.
A movable soft mustache and not very thick scales can be mechanically exposed due to the active lifestyle of the fish, so it is recommended not to decorate the aquarium with sharp objects and have sand as the bottom surface.
Synodontis can dig or eat plants, so it’s best to decorate the container with large-leafed greens with a strong root system. It is also good to have several shaded areas so that the catfish can hide when it is needed. The lack of shelter causes stress in the fish, which is almost always accompanied by diseases.
Omnivorous catfish can be fed with any food and even ordinary human products (cucumbers, zucchini). Like any large fish, aquarium Somiku synodontisu balanced balanced nutrition is required for healthy growth.
Types of synodontis
Synodontis veil in its natural habitat, it likes muddy waters, feeding on insect larvae. He has a solitary lifestyle, but cases of life of veil catfish in small groups have been reported.
Therefore, it is desirable to have a maximum of a couple of catfish of this type in the aquarium, otherwise their behavior may be unpredictable, as they may jealously relate to their territory, especially if the room’s displacement is insufficient for their free life. It is believed that the same character has synodontis eupterus.
One of the species that differs from other brethren is synodontis dalmatian, which got its name because of the characteristic color. The body of the catfish is light, covered with small randomly scattered black spots, as is the body of the dalmatian dog of the same name.
As with dolmatin, synodontis changeling got its name because of the remarkable feature of this fish. Its peculiarity lies in the inexplicable love of swimming up belly, especially in strong currents. In the standard position for fish, catfish is turned over only for eating, since it would be difficult for him to collect food from the bottom upside down.
Spotted Synodontis - one of the most common types. He has a dense elongated body, huge eyes and three pairs of soft movable whiskers around his mouth. Usually, the catfish body is light yellow with dark spots, which is its common feature with the aforementioned Dalmatian, however, the spotted catfish has much larger beautiful fins, the back of which is painted in a pale blue color.
Synodontis Petricola - The smallest member of the family. His body is painted in soft beige with interspersed with dark spots on the sides. The long mustache of petricola is milky white.
Representatives of this species are often confused with young synodontis cuckoohowever, the similarity is relevant only as long as the cuckoo does not outgrow the maximum size of the petricola - 10 centimeters.
Reproduction and longevity of synodontis
As a rule, representatives of all species are ready for procreation only in the second year of life. General breeding rules apply to all. In this case, the nuances depend on ownership synadontis fish to a certain kind. For spawning, you need a separate aquarium with a bottom covered with soil, a couple of healthy producers, enhanced nutrition and careful monitoring.
As soon as the spawning is realized, the newly made parents are sent to a separate or shared aquarium. The general breeding rules to a greater extent do not affect this process in the cuckoo synodontis, which got its name, just because of the peculiarities of reproduction.
For spawning, the cuckoo needs to be adjacent to spawning cichlids, which will subsequently look after the catfish caviar. Synodontis monitors the spawning of cichlids and, as soon as the fish have completed this action, swims by, tossing their own eggs to their eggs.
Usually synodontis lives no more than 10 years. Of course, depending on the type and conditions of detention, this figure may become either less or more. The maximum recorded period was the life of a catfish 25 years long.
Synodontis price and aquarium compatibility
You can buy synodontis for a very small price. In ordinary pet stores, catfish can cost from 50 rubles. Of course, the cost depends on the species, age, size, and distinctive features of a particular individual.
Synodontis, for the most part, are not aggressive towards other fish, especially if they are not bottom dwellers. When organizing the neighborhood of a catfish with other catfish or aggressive species of fish, it is necessary to carefully monitor their behavior in order to put off the culprit of the fight, if any. If catfish live with slow fish, you need to ensure that everyone has enough food, since the synodontis are extremely voracious and can eat their neighbors.