Tibetan Terrier - one of the most mysterious breeds. The name of the dog does not correspond to its essence. The fact is that the animal received it thanks to the curious tourists who awarded him the "terrier".
As you know, this group of dogs was bred for catching domestic rodents, especially rats. But her representative is completely indifferent to these long-tailed animals.
Its nature has not yet been thoroughly studied, however, a huge number of families around the world are willing to acquire breed tibetan terrier. What is the reason for this? Let's find out.
Features and description of the breed
Who, how and why bred this dog is not known. In ancient times, she had several destinations - company, cattle breeding and security. There were even rumors around the Tibetan terrier. People believed that his presence in the house would provide them with protection from ghosts and evil spirits. It seemed to others that this dog was a talisman that brings good luck.
The owners of Tibetan terriers were respected. They have always been treated with respect. The sale of these four-legged animals was unacceptable. There was the only option to become the owner of such a dog - to receive it as a gift.
What breeds did it come from? Unfortunately, there is no single answer to this question. However, it is well known that the Tibetan Terrier is one of the oldest dogs, the standard of which has not changed for many centuries. This was due to the isolation of Tibet from the outside world.
In Europe, the animal fell in the first half of the 20th century. It immediately attracted attention. Rumors about this mascot breed quickly reached the United States of America. Today, it can be seen in almost any state.
Tibetan Terrier dog - strong and hardy. But, because of the fluffy hair all over the body, it's hard to believe. The animal really has a muscular back, allowing it to overcome the mountain slopes, plain and rocky areas.
A solid massive body is the main parameter of a purebred representative of this breed. If there were mongrels in the dog’s family, then this will certainly affect its exterior. The second parameter is a thick skin that tightly tightens the body.
These animals have a biological phenomenon called "sexual dimorphism." That is, the males of the Tibetan Terrier are more massive and heavier than females. The height of the first is up to 42 cm, and the second is up to 30 cm. But, the coat is long for representatives of each gender. It is two-layer. There is an insulating thick undercoat. It should be noted that in females it is shorter and denser. The average weight of such a dog is 13 kg.
A parting is clearly visible on the dog’s head. The fur lies exactly in different directions. It is brilliant and very bright. There is a bang on the face. She covers the eye sockets, but this does not prevent the animal from seeing well. The coat of the Tibetan Terrier is very soft to the touch. It is so long that it drags on the ground. By breed standard, it should not be heavy. If the puppy is born with a massive "fur coat", then he is rejected.
The only part of the dog’s body that is not covered by soft long fur is the nose. Coloring options are many. There are pure white, black, peach, fawn or sand representatives of the breed. They can also be born two-tone.Tibetan Terrier in the photo very reminiscent of a plush toy that is purchased for girls who like to play a hairdresser.
The body shape of the dog is square, slightly elongated. There are no bends on the back at the tail. There is thick skin at the withers of the dog, which makes this part of the body massive and bulging. At the same time, the set legs are steady and strong. The front ones are weaker. On the toes of the dog’s legs there is a short coat. Also, it is between the fingers.
A medium-sized head goes well with other parts of the body. The frontal bend is well defined. The jaw is massive, large. Tongue and teeth are hidden behind thick lips, tightly closed. The nose is small, located next to the eyes. Ears are small triangles.
Only the lying form is allowed. Behind the dense coat they are not visible at all. According to the standard of the Tibetan Terrier breed, the standing shape of the ears of the puppy indicates his marriage. The eyes of the animal are oval, very expressive. They are located close to the nose. A sign of a defective representative of the breed is convex eye sockets.
It is believed that the Tibetan Terrier was bred exclusively for farming, that is, as a shepherd dog. He had to keep an eye on the herd while the owner was engaged in earthen land or other work.
The wolves did not attack the sheep and other cattle while there was such an animal nearby, as they were afraid of it. But, people could not help but notice the stunning convivial makings of the beast. He was distinguished by trust and curiosity, and also - very quickly attached to people, trusting them.
Now the breed is considered one of the kindest among all terriers. Anger is a quality that nature has not awarded its representatives. But do they really consist solely of virtues? No, because, as you know, any four-legged pet is plasticine, from which the owner sculpts what he needs.
Jealousy is the dog’s main weakness. She quickly gets used to the owner, falling in love with him, therefore, suffers greatly if 100% of his time is not devoted to her. The behavior of the offended Tibetan terrier is often unpredictable. Despite good nature, he can growl and even bite.
Perhaps the only reason inducing this dog to aggression is insult. It can cause physical harm even to the owner with whom he recently played. For this reason, we recommend acquiring the Tibetan Terrier only to those families in which replenishment is not expected. No, he certainly loves and protects children, but only on condition that the main ray of masterly love is directed at him.
As for the interaction of the dog with babies, it can charm even the most brutal person. She knows her worth and does not allow anyone to offend herself, however, small children even allow the animal to drag itself and pull the hair.
The Tibetan Terrier is not without intelligence, therefore, understands that the roar and barking will scare the baby. Because of this, during the game with him, he will remain calm. It is worth noting that the dog has a warm welcome only to children from its family. He is often intolerant of everyone else.
At home, he can be stressed, especially if the household does not pay attention to him. The animal needs a whirlpool of emotions and events. It prefers to always be in sight and take part in any family gathering. Without these daily practices, the beast loses interest in life and becomes apathetic.
A "Tibetan" favored by people may become too loud. Since he is not devoid of protective potential, he may be overly suspicious of animals and people who pass by his home. Such behavior must be condemned. Punishing a dog also follows barking for no reason.
The Tibetan Terrier has a character trait that often plays a trick on him - curiosity. Trying to track down an object of interest, the dog may get lost. Being in an unfamiliar environment, he becomes depressed. Negative emotions will prevent him from finding his way home.
Now about the attitude to other animals. Tibetans are often intolerant of them. If you are going to get such a pet, already having other animals in the house, then you must be prepared for conflict.
The terrier will not put up with the lack of attention and respect on the part of the owner. He is strongly attached to households and needs frequent hanging out with them. Socialize it with other animals in the house should only be a puppy.
The Tibetan Terrier is a moving doggie, but his favorite pastime is to lie on the owner’s lap. It constantly requires scratching and stroking. If the owner does not step into tactile contact with the animal, it begins to scratch its paw.
There is only one recognized species of this breed. Its representatives are classified, except that, by color. There are many, from light to very dark. The only color that is unacceptable in Tibetan terriers is chocolate.
Care and maintenance
If you look at the handsome Tibetan, you will immediately realize that caring for his luxurious fur is not easy. It is long and very thick. Requires regular combing. To make the Tibetan Terrier presentable, you should cut it at least 2 times a year, that is, every six months.
The skin of some dogs deteriorates with frequent contact with shampoo. Representatives of this breed are not affected. It is recommended to wash them every month. If this is not done, an unpleasant odor will start to come from them. The reasons are clear. The hair of the Tibetan Terrier drags along the ground all the time, absorbing dirt.
To prevent the animal from overheating in the sun, it is recommended to cut it before the summer, that is, in the middle-end of May. To always look beautiful, the dog’s fur should be combed every day, regardless of the molting period. A metal comb must be used for this. Tibetans have thick skin, so do not be afraid that you will cut them with hard teeth.
It is highly discouraged to ignore combing these animals. Long hair, which is not looked after, becomes dirty and tangled. If it is tough enough, then the need for daily combing disappears. In this case, you need to use a metal comb 2 to 4 times a month.
Important! For allergy sufferers who love dogs, experts recommend purchasing this particular breed. Tibetans do not have a specific "dog" smell; moreover, they practically do not fade.
The body of these animals is often attacked by pathogenic infections. Dangerous viruses penetrate their bodies through the mucous membranes, including the eye and mouth. Therefore, they are recommended to be processed. The simplest option is to use a fleece soaked in warm water. Breeders advise dogs to wipe their eyes with tea leaves.
The ears of Tibetan terriers are almost invisible. However, this does not exempt from the need to clean them. Ears of domestic dogs are cleaned with damp cotton wool. Never insert earwax sticks into them.
It’s not necessary to brush your teeth with toothpaste daily, especially if you are feeding it with granular food. It gets rid of tartar and plaque on its own, chewing solid food. But, for preventive purposes, it is recommended that you take the Tibetan Terrier to the veterinary clinic for brushing your teeth at least 1-2 times every 3 years.
This breed is ideal for older people living without children and grandchildren. She is not at all whimsical to care for, but needs extensive space. An ideal option for a Tibetan is living in a private house. If necessary, he will always be asked outside.
But, if you live in an apartment, this does not mean that you will have to refuse the dog. The main thing is to walk him as often as possible. The minimum number of daily walks with a Tibetan is 3. Being on the street, the animal must run, chase insects and interact with other human pets, including dogs and cats.
Immediately, we note the main thing - it is impossible to give Tibetan food from a human table. From this, it can get fat and get gastritis. The main requirement for the food he eats is balance. An adult representative of the breed is best fed with premium dry feed.
They contain a lot of vitamins that all systems of its organs need. But, a young dog cannot be immediately transferred to dry food immediately after a milk ration. As soon as he was excommunicated, a nutritional alternative was needed. It is important that the puppy receives a sufficient amount of calcium in the first year of life. Therefore, in its menu must necessarily be dairy products:
- Cottage cheese.
- Sour cream.
Do not give him too fatty foods. For example, if you are cooking rice porridge for a dog, add no more than 30 grams of butter / margarine to it. In addition to dairy products, cereals, fruits, vegetables and meat must be in his diet. Food should be of high quality, fresh. Do not give the dog too large portions, as an abundance of nutrients is harmful to her.
The stomach of the Tibetan Terrier should absorb no more than 600 grams of food per day. Never give him sweets, especially chocolate. This product is heavily digested by the dog’s stomach and can cause inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Important! In addition to meat, you can also give your pet fish, preferably low-fat varieties.
Reproduction and longevity
The Tibetan Terrier is a wonderful dog that will please the owner for at least 13-15 years. He is hardy and agile. The attractive appearance of the dog encourages its owner to regularly search for mating partners. Before considering applicants, we advise to study in detail the standards of this breed, in particular, its exterior.
Only thoroughbred representatives need to be propagated. The first estrus in the female of the Tibetan Terrier begins no later than 1 year. But, it is contraindicated to happen with a dog in this period. Only adult dogs, no younger than 2.5 years old, are allowed to mate.
The average gestational age for dogs is 67-72 days. At this stage of life, the female becomes more anxious, but, at the same time, not aggressive. Her activity during pregnancy should be significantly reduced. Overfatigue must not be allowed. It is also important to properly feed a pregnant Tibetan female. She should eat foods rich in trace elements and calcium.
The Tibetan Terrier is a proud and very beautiful dog. She often adorns animal shows. People like the dog’s unusual appearance, its shiny coat and flattened face. But aesthetic dog breeders will have to pay a lot.
To make money on your pet, you should purchase it in the kennel along with the relevant documentation. Tibetan Terrier Price - from 45 to 60 thousand rubles. Today, it is one of the most expensive breeds in Russia.
Factory owners let puppies cheaper, up to 35 thousand rubles. Going after him to a private trader, it is important not to let yourself be deceived.
Socialization and training
These beautiful dogs are proud, wayward, but very smart. Older people who bring dogs rarely go with them to the training grounds. In the case of the Tibetan terrier, this is of little need. If the dog feels that they love it, then it will definitely reciprocate.
But, should she suspect the owner of "treason" - this will destructively affect her behavior. Representatives of this breed are very smart. They easily learn teams and learn patterns of behavior. Important! Tibetan Terrier puppy must from an early age understand the social hierarchy in the family. For him to grow up as an obedient dog, he needs a leader.
Any domestic dog must respect a particular person in order to be faithful and fulfill commands. It is not easy to earn the trust of a long-haired Tibetan. It is necessary that the animal itself assimilates the primacy of man. It will choose only a leader as its leader. A person who does not occupy a leading position in the family can never subordinate the proud character of this dog.
Now for the teams.The first thing that such a beast should be taught is to listen unquestioningly to the household. When people equate dogs with members of their family, they themselves, without suspecting it, make them uncontrollable. It is important that the animal understands that there are rules in the house that must be followed.
Let's talk about them in more detail:
- The main prohibition is imposed on feeding from the table. You can not treat the dog with human food. It is better to invite him to the bowl after the last member of the family puts his plate in the sink.
- Never allow a Tibetan to spoil his things. If you see how he chews or torments something, raise your voice at him, saying: "It is impossible." There is a second, easier command - "No." It is recommended to give it only if the dog is doing something inadmissible at a given time.
- He can lie with his household on the couch at the time of watching television series or a simple family conversation, but never sleep with them in the same bed. When an animal sleeps with a person, it identifies itself with it and forgets about the need for submission.
- Tibetan Terrier must know his name. This is required for his future training. If you want to see a dog, you just need to say its name out loud.
- The place is another basic command that every domestic dog should understand. Send the animal to its lounger if its presence near you is undesirable. Some owners prefer to pronounce the “Location” command and remove the dog from the room as punishment. This is not entirely true.
- Only a young Tibetan terrier gets along with pets. An adult representative of the breed will surely unleash a conflict with him for the love and attention of the owner.
It is not recommended to keep the Tibetan in a pack with other dogs, as he may be aggressive towards them. An adult dog of this breed must walk with the owner on a leash. This is required to strengthen their connection. How to understand that the animal orientates the behavior, depending on the preferences of the owner?
It will periodically look at him. Every time a dog looks into your eyes in a stressful situation, this is a very good sign. So it is trying to ask: "What should I do next?". Whenever a dog has done something good, for example, brought you a ball or fulfilled a team, praise him.
Despite strong muscles and good endurance, Tibetan terriers are often sick. This is due to vulnerable immunity. If an animal is attacked by a pathogenic virus, the body needs a lot of strength and energy to fight it.
For example, such a dog can get a cold. Usually, this occurs with prolonged exposure to frost in winter. The best prevention of colds in dogs is warming. Pet stores sell overalls for animals that they should wear at low temperatures.
Another common disease among Tibetan terriers is cataract. How to understand that the dog has this disease? His eye lens will become cloudy. You can not independently cure cataracts with your pet, of course, if you do not have the appropriate education. To reduce the risk of diseases in the dog, preventive measures should be taken:
- Give her quality food.
- Timely cure ailments.
- Periodically treat her coat with parasite medication.
- Flush eyes with tea leaves.