Austrian hound (born Austrian Brandlbracke) also called Austrian smooth-haired marriage, brindle breed dog breed from Austria, dating back more than 150 years. At home, it is popular, but in the world this breed is not widespread and, apparently, will remain so in the future.
The history of the Austrian hound remains a mystery. Almost all sources claim that the ancestors of the breed were Celtic dogs, called in German (language and Austria) “Kelten Brake”.
Although most of Austria was inhabited by Germanic tribes since the fall of the Roman Empire, Celtic tribes also lived in it, the same as in Switzerland, France, and Belgium.
It is unclear why it is believed that a smooth-haired marriage occurs precisely from Celtic dogs. Although these breeds inhabited one region, there is no evidence that there was a connection between them. Moreover, there is some strong evidence against this theory. If a bundle marriage is 300 years older than what is now considered, there is still more than a 1000-year gap between it and the Celtic marriage.
Moreover, according to the descriptions, they are very different from each other. Even if this relationship was, then for hundreds of years the Austrian hound mixed with other breeds and began to differ greatly from its ancestor.
But, no matter where they come from, these dogs are very popular in Austria, especially in the mountains. For many years they were not purebred, but mixed with other breeds, but in 1884 the Australian hound was recognized as a separate breed, the standard was written.
At home, it is widely known as “Brandlbracke”, which can be translated as - fire hound, according to the color of the coat. Smooth-haired marriages were used in hunting rabbits and foxes, tracking larger animals, usually in small flocks.
At one time, Austrian marriages were kept only by the nobility, as was the case with many dogs in Europe. Only know had hunting rights on its territory, it was a popular attraction and hunting dogs were very appreciated.
Although brindle marriages lived in what is now divided into 12 different countries, they are almost unknown outside of Austria. This isolation continues to this day, only in recent years they began to appear in other countries. Although the breed is registered in the International Cynological Federation (Federation Cynologique Internationale).
Unlike many modern dogs, the Austrian hound is used today as a hunting hound, and will remain so for the foreseeable future.
The Austrian hound is similar to other medium-sized hunting dogs that live in Europe. The average representative of the breed reaches a height of 48-55 cm at the withers, females about 2-3 less. Weight ranges from 13 to 23 kg.
This is a fairly strong dog, with powerful muscles, although it should not seem fat or stocky.
Smooth-haired marriages look the most athletic of all local dogs, most of them significantly longer in length than in height.
The coat of the alpine hound is short, smooth, dense, tight to the body, shiny. Its density should be sufficient to protect the dog from the alpine climate.
Color can be only one, black with tan. Black is the main one, but the location of the red tan can be different. They are usually located around the eyes, although some dogs also have muzzles. There are also tan marks on the chest and legs.
Very little is known about the nature of the Austrian marriage when living outside the workspace, as they are rarely kept differently from hunting dogs. However, hunters claim that they are well-mannered and calm. Usually they are friendly with children and calmly perceive games.
Born to work in packs, Austrian hounds are very calm towards other dogs and even prefer their company. But, as a hunting dog, they are very aggressive towards other small animals, and can chase and kill them.
The Austrian hound is considered the most intelligent among all hounds, and those who worked with them say they are very obedient. Those who are looking for a hunting dog will be delighted with it, especially since they need a lot of loads. At least one hour a day, but this is the minimum, they are able to tolerate more.
Smooth-haired marriages extremely poorly tolerate life in the city, they need a spacious yard, will and hunting. Moreover, during the hunt they give a sign in a voice about the discovered prey, and as a result are more vocal than other dogs.